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Early Photography in Albania

 
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The Photo Collection
of Erich von Luckwald
Deutsch | Shqip

Albania in 1936 — 1941

Erich von Luckwald (1884-1969) was a German diplomat and author. He studied law in Berlin and was in the German diplomatic service during the First World War. He returned to diplomacy in 1926 and, after a period as head of the German consulate in Lodz (Poland), Luckwald served as German chargé d’affaires in Albania in 1931-1934 and was, at the same time, head of the NSDAP (Nazi Party) liaison office there. From 27 October 1934 to 11 December 1936, he was then German ambassador to Albania. In the period 1936-1938, Luckwald was consul-general in Danzig, and in the last months of the Second World War, he was the representative (pseudo-ambassador) of the German Foreign Office in the occupied protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. His interest and experience in Albania led to the book publication: Albanien: Land zwischen Gestern und Morgen (Albania: Country between Yesterday and Tomorrow), Munich 1942, which also includes his many photographs of the country. Most of them stem from a journey around the country that seems to have taken place in the summer of 1936, although some photos date from up to 1941, the period of the Italian occupation.

EVL049: View of the centre of Tirana (Photo: Bernd Lohse, ca 1936). EVL050: Et’hem Bey Mosque in Tirana (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL051: Young man in a white fez (Photo: Walter Frentz, ca. 1935). EVL052: View of Petrela, south of Tirana (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL053: View of the fortress of Preza near Tirana (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL054: View of the interior of the fortress of Kruja (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL055: Women and children fetching water in Kruja (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL056: Traditional home in the fortress of Kruja (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL057: Traditional handicrafts from Kruja (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL058: New mountain road over the Qafa e Shtamës pass from Kruja to Burrel in the Mat district (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL059: Group of Albanian men smoking (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL060: An Albanian kulla [fortified house] in Mirdita (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL061: Tobacco drying on a house wall in Mirdita (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL062: Farmhouse and corn rick (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL063: Farmer and his wooden plough (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL064: Loom in a farmhouse (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL065: Man with a cradle, waiting for the birth of his first son (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL066: The marshes of Patok in the district of Laç (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL067: Man and his ox in the marshes of Patok in the district of Laç (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL068: Two country women and their children (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL069: Pilgrims on their way to the sanctuary of Saint Anthony [Shën Ndou] in Laç (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL070: Pilgrims on their way to the sanctuary of Saint Anthony [Shën Ndou] in Laç (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL071: The mountain church of Saint Anthony [Shën Ndou] in Laç (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL072: Highland woman wearing a xhubleta [black bell-bottomed skirt] and with a cradle on her back (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL073: Three Albanians on a mountain road in Mirdita or Mat (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL074: The Lead Mosque of Shkodra (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL075: Face of a pensive hodja (Photo: Walter Frentz, ca. 1935). EVL076: Peasant women at market in Shkodra (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL077: Highland woman in a xhubleta [black bell-bottomed skirt] inspecting jugs (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL078: Alley in the bazaar of Shkodra on market day (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL079: Animal market outside of Shkodra (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL080: Two women from Zadrima in festive dress (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL081: Women’s costumes seen in Shkodra (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL082: A shepherd boy on the Bojana River, with the fortress of Shkodra in the distance (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL083: Fish weirs on the Boyana River near Shkodra (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL084: The Mes Bridge [Ura e Mesit] over the Kir River northeast of Shkodra (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL085: Northern end of Lake Shkodra near Rijeka Crnojevica in Montenegro (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL086: View of Theth and the Shala Valley from the Sheep Trail Pass (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL087: Two Franciscan missionaries in Theth in the Shala Valley (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL088: The church of Theth in the Shala Valley (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL089: Young shepherdess spinning in the riverbed near Theth in the Shala Valley (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL090: Gorge of the Drin River (Photo: Walter Frentz, ca. 1935). EVL091: Broad wooden fishing boat on Lake Ohrid (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL092: Orthodox monastery of St Naum on the southern bank of Lake Ohrid, now in Macedonia (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL093: Church of St Naum on the southern bank of Lake Ohrid, now in Macedonia (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL095: The tomb of Ali Pasha Tepelena in Janina [Ioannina], now in Greece (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL096: The lake gate in the ancient walls of Butrint (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL097: The ancient theatre of Butrint (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL098: Fifth-century Christian baptistery in Butrint (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL099: Italian archaeologist Luigi Maria Ugolini (left) in front of a 13th-century Venetian tower in Butrint (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL100: View of Gjirokastra (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL101: Bridge over the Osum River at Berat (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL102: Bektashi clergymen at a monastery on the way up to Mount Tomor (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL103: The grave of Abas Ali at 2401 m. on the southern peak of Mount Tomor (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL104: Elderly couple in southern Albania (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL105: Bridge over the Vjosa River near Këlcyra (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL106: Wicker bridge over a creek in southern Albania (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL107: The forest of Divjaka in the district of Lushnja (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL108: The Orthodox monastery of Ardenica in the district of Lushnja (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL109: Mosque of Kavaja (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL110: Head of the Orthodox Church at a festivity in the monastery of Shijon near Elbasan (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL111: Women at the monastery of Shijon near Elbasan (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL112: Saddled horses at the monastery of Shijon near Elbasan (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL113: Sheep and shepherd resting in the shade (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1936). EVL114: The port of Durrës under reconstruction (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1941). EVL115: Irrigations works in Durrës during the Italian occupation (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1941). EVL116: New football stadium in Tirana, constructed in 1939-1940 during the Italian occupation (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1941). EVL117: The main thoroughfare of Tirana, Viale dell’ Impero, under construction in 1939-1940 during the Italian occupation, with Hotel Dajti on the left (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1941). EVL118: Apartment blocks under construction in Tirana during the Italian occupation (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1941). EVL119: New building of the Dopolavoro Albanese in Tirana, under construction during the Italian occupation (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1941). EVL120: New maternity hospital in Tirana, built during the Italian occupation (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1941). EVL121: One-time royal palace of King Zog, and later a military hospital under the Italian occupation (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1941). EVL122: New Italian agricultural school “Arnaldo Mussolini” in Kavaja (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1941). EVL123: New café near Petrela on the road from Tirana to Elbasan (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1941). EVL124: Children playing at a country school [near Kavaja?] (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1941). EVL125: School children at the Hasan Prishtina Elementary School during the Italian occupation (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1941). EVL126: Construction work on the road from Shkodra to Puka and Kukës during the Italian occupation (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1941). EVL127: Construction work on the road from Tirana to Shkodra during the Italian occupation (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1941). EVL128: New road from Durrës to Tirana, constructed during the Italian occupation (Photo: Erich von Luckwald, ca. 1941). simple jquery lightboxby VisualLightBox.com v5.9

 

Die Fotosammlung des Erich von Luckwald
English | Shqip

Albanien in den Jahren 1936 — 1941

Erich von Luckwald (1884-1969) war deutscher Diplomat und Autor. Er studierte Jura in Berlin und war während des Ersten Weltkrieges im Dienst des Auswärtigen Amtes. Nach einer Zeit als Leiter des deutschen Konsulats in Lodsch (Polen) wurde er Geschäftsträger in Albanien (1931-1934). Gleichzeitig fungierte er dort als Leiter des Verbindungsbüros der NSDAP. Vom 27. Oktober 1934 bis zum 11. Dezember 1936 war Luckwald schließlich Gesandter des Deutschen Reiches in Albanien. Nach seiner albanischen Amtszeit wurde er in den Jahren 1936-1938 Generalkonsul in Danzig, und in den letzten Monaten des Zweiten Weltkrieges Vertreter des Auswärtigen Amtes beim Reichsprotektor in Böhmen und Mähren. Sein besonderes Interesse an Albanien zeigt sich in seinem Buch: Albanien: Land zwischen Gestern und Morgen, München 1942, in dem er seine zahlreichen Fotos vorstellte. Luckwalds Rundreise durch Albanien fand vermutlich im Sommer des Jahres 1936 statt, obwohl sein Buch auch Aufnahmen bis zum Jahre 1941, die Zeit der italienischen Besatzung, umfasst.

 

Koleksioni fotografik i Erih fon Lukvaldit
(Erich von Luckwald)

English | Deutsch

Shqipëria në vitet 1936 — 1941

Erih fon Lukvald (1884-1969) ishte diplomat dhe autor gjerman. Studioi për drejtësi në Berlin dhe gjatë Luftës së Parë Botërore punoi në Ministrinë e Punëve të Jashtme. Pas postit si konsull gjerman në Loxh (Poloni) ai u emërua i ngarkuar me punë në Shqipëri (1931-1934). Njëkohësisht ishte edhe drejtori i zyrës shqiptare të Partisë Naziste (NSDAP). Nga 27 tetori 1934 deri më 11 dhjetor 1936 Lukvaldi ishte ambasadori i Rajhut Gjerman në Shqipëri. Pas qëndrimit të tij në Tiranë, gjatë periudhës 1936-1938 u emërua konsull i përgjithshëm në Dancik (Gdanjsk), dhe gjatë muajve të fundit të Luftës së Dytë Botërore ishte përfaqësuesi i Ministrisë së Punëve të Jashtme në Protektoratin e Bohemisë dhe të Moravisë. Interesi i posaçëm i Lukvaldit për Shqipërinë shihet në librin e tij: Albanien: Land zwischen Gestern und Morgen (Shqipëri: Vendi midis së djeshme dhe të sotme), Mynih 1942, në të cilin paraqiti fotografitë e tij të shumta të vendit. Duket se udhëtimi i Lukvaldit nëpër Shqipëri është bërë në verën e vitit 1936, megjithëse në librin e tij përfshihen edhe fotografi deri në vitin 1941, koha e pushtimit italian.

 

 

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