Robert Elsie | AL Art | AL History | AL Language | AL Literature | AL Photography | Contact |

Robert Elsie

Early Photography in Albania

 
BACK  |  AL Photography
Webdesign J. Groß

The Photo Collection
of the Marquis di San Giuliano
Deutsch | Shqip

Durrës and Shkodra in 1914

The Italian diplomatic and political figure Antonino Paternò-Castello, the sixth Marchese di San Giuliano (1852-1914), was born in Catania in Sicily. He studied law and was elected to the Italian parliament. He served briefly as Italian minister of foreign affairs from December 1905 to February 1906. From 1906 to 1910 he was ambassador to France and Great Britain, and in April 1910 he returned to Rome. The Marchese di San Giuliano held the position of Italian foreign minister in the politically turbulent years from then until his death in October 1914. He had a particular interest in Albania and in promoting Italian interests there, and showed resolute support for the country's independence in 1912. He welcomed the choice of Prince Wilhelm zu Wied as the Balkan country’s new monarch and was an active observer of events in Albania in the spring of 1914. The Marquis of San Giuliano was also an avid collector of photos and postcards. The photos in this collection were originally acquired for the most part in postcard form and sent one after the other to his widowed daughter-in-law, Maria Paternò-Castello, Marchesa di Capizzi (1881-1936), who fortunately preserved them. In the late 1970s, the collection was discovered at the flea market in Palermo and purchased by the Italian diplomat Ferdinando Salleo (b. 1936). It was published by Prof. Giuseppe Giarrizzo (b. 1927) of the University of Catania in the volume Diario fotografico del Marchese di San Giuliano (Photographic Diary of the Marchese di San Giuliano), Palermo 1984), and by Salleo in Albania: un regno per sei mesi (Albania: Six-Month Kingdom), Palermo 2000. The collection offers a unique glimpse at Albania during the short reign of Prince Wied.

MSG001: Italian Foreign Minister Antonino Paternò-Castello, the Marquis di San Giuliano (1852-1914) in Abbazia [Opatija]. (Photo Edmund Jelussich, mid-April 1914). MSG002: Durrës [and not Tirana]: Italian journalists sitting in a café, April 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG003: Durrës: Girls dancing, ca. April 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG004: Durrës: Preparing the konak for the arrival of Prince Wied, ca. February 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG005: Durrës: Preparing the bedroom of Prince Wied in the konak, ca. February 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG006: Durrës: Street scene before the arrival of Prince Wied, ca. February 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG007: Durrës: Italian, Austrian, German, French and Dutch officials landing in Durrës in an Italian navy launch, March 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG008: Durrës: Crowds gathering in Durrës to await the arrival of Prince Wied, March 1914. (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG009: Durrës: The arrival of Prince Wied [saluting] in Durrës on 7 March 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG010: Durrës: The arrival of the new royal family in Durrës on 7 March 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG011: Durrës: Colonel George Fraser Phillips (1863-1921) [in white helmet] of the West Yorkshire Regiment and Albanian dignitaries in front of the konak, March 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG012: Durrës: The Italian envoy in Albania, Baron Carlo Aliotti (1870-1923), and Italian officials, March 1914 (Photo: Scarpettini. Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG013: Durrës: A delegation of Italo-Albanians, March 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG014: Durrës: Crowds gathering to await the arrival of Prince Wied, March 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG015: Durrës: A military band in front of the Italian consulate, March 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG016: Durrës: Dutch officers with their commander, Colonel Willem De Veer (1857-1931) [with cane], in front of Albanian cavalry, March 1914 (Photo: Molinari. Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG017: Durrës: Prince Wilhelm zu Wied and Princess Sophie on horseback in the early spring of 1914 (Photo: Scarpettini. Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG018: Durrës: Essad Pasha Toptani [in uniform] and dignitaries, March 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG019: Durrës: Essad Pasha Toptani (1863-1920) in uniform, March 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG020: Durrës: The new royal family and dignitaries in the garden of the konak, spring of 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG021: Durrës: Princess Sophie zu Wied, née von Schönberg-Waldenburg (1885-1936) and children, spring of 1914 (Photo: Scarpettini. Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG022: Durrës: Little Prince Karl Viktor zu Wied (1913-1973), presumed heir to the Albanian throne, spring of 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG023: Durrës: Ladies of the royal court, spring of 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG024: Durrës: Princess Sophie zu Wied out walking, spring of 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG025: Durrës: Princess Sophie zu Wied and little Princess Marie Eleonore (1909-1956) visiting children, spring of 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG026: Durrës: Princess Sophie zu Wied and little Prince Carol Victor zu Wied, spring of 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG027: Durrës: Northern Albanian troops marching past the konak, May 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG028: Durrës: Crowd near the konak, spring of 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG029: Durrës: Speeches during the disorders of the spring of 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG030: Durrës: Prince Wilhem zu Wied and Princess Sophie on the balcony of the konak, March 1914 (Photo: Molinari. Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG031: Durrës: The Austro-Hungarian envoy, Heinrich Ritter Löwenthal von Linau (1870-1915), leaving the konak with his officials, spring of 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG032: Durrës: Austro-Hungarian envoy Löwenthal talking to the bearded Turhan Pasha Përmeti (1839-1927), spring of 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG033: Durrës: The North Gate in Durrës, March 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG034: Durrës: Mosque near the konak [right] and Austro-Hungarian legation in the distance, spring of 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG035: Durrës: Italian sailors and an Albanian gendarme guarding the Italian consulate, spring of 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG036: Durrës: Carl Buchberger (1887-1974) [l.] and Captain Fortunato Castoldi (1876-1961) [r.], spring of 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG037: Durrës: Italian officials: Captain Fortunato Castoldi [l.], Admiral Eugenio Trifari and Baron Carlo Aliotti [holding cane], spring of 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG038: Durrës: Italian naval officers, spring of 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG039: Durrës: Italian sailor on guard, spring of 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG040: Durrës: Italian sailors guarding the konak, spring of 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG041: Durrës: Albanian soldiers and civilians hauling artillery, May or June 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG042: Durrës: Italian military officials, early June 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG043: Durrës: Austro-Hungarian sailors defending their consulate with a barricade, June 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG044: Durrës: Albanian soldiers and irregular forces dancing to music, spring of 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG045: Durrës: Albanian soldiers with a machine gun, May or June 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG046: Durrës: Vicar General Nikollë Kaçorri (1862-1917) with troops, May or June 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG047: Durrës: Vicar General Nikollë Kaçorri [l.] and an Austro-Hungarian military chaplain, May or June 1914 (Photo: Molinari. Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG048: Durrës: Postcard of Albanian troops, June 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG049: Durrës: Religious leaders speaking before a crowd, March or April 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG050: Durrës: Albanian volunteer forces from the north refusing to fight the rebels, ca. 23 May1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG051: Durrës: Albanian troop positions in the marshes around Durrës, June 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG052: Durrës: Albanian soldiers posing in a trench in firing position for the photographer, June 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG053: Durrës: The same Albanian soldiers under a makeshift shelter, June 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG055: Durrës: Artillery cannons in the Venetian fortress, ca. May 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG056: Durrës: Prince Wilhelm zu Wied returns from an inspection of the defence fortifications around the town, May 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG057: Durrës: Group of northern fighters posing with Austrian, British and French officers, May 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG058: Durrës: Prenk Bibë Doda (1858-1919), political leader of Mirdita, May 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG059: Durrës: Prenk Bibë Doda's 150 Mirdita fighters entering Durrës to support the prince, May 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG060: Monopoli[?]: The Italian vessel Misurata which was later to take Prince Wied into exile, April 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG061: Durrës: On 23 May 1914 at 15:30, assisted by Admiral Eugenio Trifari, Prince Wied takes to a launch to flee to the safety of the Italian vessel Misurata (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG062: Durrës: Northern Albanian fighters leaving Durrës by boat, first view, June 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG063: Durrës: Northern Albanian fighters leaving Durrës by boat, second view, June 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG064: Durrës: Muslim refugees boarding a boat, July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG065: Shijak: Members of the International Control Commission holding final talks with the rebels of Shijak, ca. 25 May 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG066: Shijak: Rebels meeting members of the International Control Commission, ca. 25 May 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG067: Durrës: Irregular troops on horseback near Durrës, ca. May 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG068: Durrës: Northern Albanian fighters near Durrës, May 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG069: Durrës: Country scene near Durrës, May 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG070: Durrës: Troops with a machine-gun, June 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG071: Durrës: Unidentified individuals, possibly members of the International Control Commission near the Austro-Hungarian legation, May 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG072: Durrës: Automobile transporting the wounded, May 1914 (Photo: Molinari. Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG073: Durrës: Austro-Hungarian sailors transporting a body on a stretcher, June 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG074: Durrës: Preparations for a funeral, June 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG075: Durrës: Coffin-making near the Varosh Mosque, June 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG076: Durrës: Transporting a body on a stretcher, June 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG077: Durrës: Carrying the wounded to the Italian hospital, June 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG078: Durrës: View of the town and the bay of Durrës, 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG079: Durrës: Funeral of Dutch Major Lodewijk Thomson (1869-1914), with Prince Wied following the stretcher, 16 June 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG080: Durrës: Funeral of Dutch Major Lodewijk Thomson, with Prince Wied [3rd from r.] and Dutch Major Henri Kroon [2nd from r.], 16 June 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG081: Durrës: Funeral procession of an Albanian [not of Major Thomson], June 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG082: Albanian refugee children on a boat, 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG083: Tirana: Mosque of Sulejman Pasha, ca. March 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG084: Lezha: View of the town and bridge constructed by the Italian Army, ca. July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG085: Lezha: Colonel George Fraser Phillips [l.] leaning on the bridge, ca. July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG086: Shkodra: View of the town, July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG087: Shkodra: Graveyard, July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG088: Shkodra: Cattle market, ca. July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG089: Shkodra: Northern Albanian fighters posing with Albanian, French and other soldiers, July or August 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG090: Shkodra: The Bishop of Shkodra, July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG091: Shkodra: Outdoor Catholic mass celebrated by the Bishop of Shkodra, July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG092: Shkodra: Pupils of a girls' school and their teacher, August 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG093: Shkodra: Pupils of the Polarstern Military College, August 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG094: Shkodra: Pupils and teachers of an Austro-Hungarian military college, July 1914 MSG095: Shkodra: Festivities at the Saverian College, with the Bishop of Shkodra and international officials, July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG096: Shkodra: Austro-Hungarian officials at festivities at the Saverian College, with the Bishop of Shkodra [r.], July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG097: Shkodra: Students at a military college, first view, July or August 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG098: Shkodra: Students at a military college, second view, July or August 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG099: Shkodra: representatives of international forces at a parade, first view, July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG100: Shkodra: representatives of international forces at a parade, second view, July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG101: Shkodra: French troops in colonial dress parading through town, July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG102: Shkodra: British troops parading through town, July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG103: Shkodra: British military band parading through town, July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG104: Shkodra: French troops parading through town, July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG105: Shkodra: Italian military band parading through town, July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG106: Shkodra: Italian infantry troops on parade, July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG107: Shkodra: Italian infantry troops and officers on parade, July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG108: Shkodra: International troops in town, July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG109: Shkodra: Italian officers and journalists, July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG110: Shkodra: Italian, French and British officers, July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG111: Shkodra: Italian officers and ladies rollerskating, July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG112: Shkodra: Italian, French and British officers at a parade, July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG113: Shkodra: International officers and ladies at leisure, July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). MSG114: Shkodra: Garden party of officers and diplomats, July 1914 (Marquis di San Giuliano Photo Collection). simple jquery lightboxby VisualLightBox.com v5.9

 

Die Fotosammlung des Marchese di San Giuliano
English | Shqip

Durrës und Shkodra im Jahre 1914

Der italienische Diplomat und Politiker, Antonino Paternò-Castello, sechster Marchese di San Giuliano (1852-1914), wurde im sizilianischen Catania geboren. Er studierte Jura und wurde ins italienische Parlament gewählt. Vom Dezember 1905 bis Februar 1906 war er für kurze Zeit italienischer Außenminister. In den Jahren 1906-1910 war er Botschafter in Frankreich und Großbritannien und kehrte im April 1910 nach Rom zurück, wo er wieder Außenminister wurde. Die auswärtige Politik seines Landes leitete er bis zu seinem Tod im Oktober 1914. An Albanien war der Marchese di San Giuliano stets interessiert und sprach sich 1912 entschlossen für die Unabhängigkeit des Landes aus. Die Wahl des deutschen Prinzen Wilhelm zu Wied zum Fürsten des neuen Landes begrüßte er und nahm an den dramatischen Ereignissen in Albanien im Frühjahr 1914 lebhaft teil. Der Marquis di San Giuliano war ein leidenschaftlicher Sammler von Fotos und Ansichtskarten. Die Aufnahmen in dieser Sammlung hatte er ursprünglich meist in Form von Ansichtskarten erworben und schickte sie eine nach der anderen als Andenken an seine verwitwete Schwiegertochter, Maria Paternò-Castello, Marchesa di Capizzi (1881-1936), die sie zum Glück bewahrte. In den späten 1970er Jahren wurde die Sammlung vom italienischen Diplomaten Ferdinando Salleo (geb. 1936) auf dem Flohmarkt in Palermo entdeckt und erworben. Sie wurde darauf von Professor Giuseppe Giarrizzo (geb. 1927) der Universität von Catania in dem Band Diario fotografico del Marchese di San Giuliano (Fotografisches Tagebuch des Marchese di San Giuliano), Palermo 1984, und von Salleo selbst in dem Buch Albania: un regno per sei mesi (Albanien: Königreich von sechs Monaten), Palermo 2000, veröffentlicht. Es handelt sich um eine einmalige Dokumentation der kurzen Herrschaft von Prinz Wied in Albanien.

 

Koleksioni fotografik i Markeze di San Xhuliano
(Marchese di San Giuliano)

English | Deutsch

Durrësi dhe Shkodra në vitin 1914

Diplomati dhe politikani italian, Antonino Paternò-Kastelo, Markeze di San Xhuliano i gjashtë (Antonino Paternò-Castello, Marchese di San Giuliano, 1852-1914), lindi në Katania të Siçilisë. Studioi për drejtësi dhe u zgjodh deputet në parlamentin italian. Nga dhjetori 1905 deri në shkurt 1906 ishte ministër i Punëve të Jashtme të Italisë. Në periudhën 1906-1910 ishte ambasador në Francë dhe në Britaninë e Madhe kurse në prill të vitit 1910 u kthye në Romë. Nga kjo kohë deri në vdekjen e tij në tetor të vitit 1914 ishte përsëri ministri i Punëve të Jashtme. Markeze di San Xhuliano kishte një interes të theksuar për Shqipërinë, kuptohet në mbështetjen e interesave italiane në vend, dhe mbështeti fuqimisht pavarësinë e vendit në vitin 1912. Mirëpriti Princ Vidin si Mbret i Shqipërisë dhe vëzhgoi nga afër ngjarjet e turbullta të pranverës së vitit 1914. Markeze di San Xhuliano ishte edhe mbledhës i pasionuar i fotografive dhe kartolinave. Shumica e fotografive të këtij koleksioni janë kartolina që ai ia dërgoi njërën pas tjetrës nuses së të birit të vdekur, Maria Paternò-Kastelo, Markeza di Kapici (Maria Paternò-Castello, Marchesa di Capizzi, 1881-1936), e cila për fat i ruajti. Në fund të viteve ‘70 koleksioni u zbulua në tregun e pleshtave të Palermos dhe u ble nga diplomati italian Ferdinando Saleo (l. 1936). Ky koleksion u botua nga profesori Xhuzepe Xharrico (Giuseppe Giarrizzo, l. 1927) i Universitetit të Katanias në vëllimin Diario fotografico del Marchese di San Giuliano (Ditari fotografik i Markeze di San Xhuliano), Palermo 1984, dhe nga vetë Saleo vetë në librin Albania: un regno per sei mesi, Palermo 2000 (shqip: Shqipëria: gjashtë muaj mbretëri, Tiranë 2000). Ky koleksion përbën një dokumentacion të pakrahasueshëm për Shqipërinë gjatë sundimit të shkurtër të Princ Vidit.

 

 

TOP